A root canal is a treatment of the pulp of the tooth that is inflamed, infected, or dead. The pulp is a soft substance in the center of the tooth.
What is Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment is used to save a tooth with an infected or dead pulp and prevent the infection from spreading.
Pulp exists inside each tooth, providing the tooth with nerves and nutrients. The pulp tissue can sometimes die if it is damaged or diseased. A root canal saves the affected tooth by cleaning out the diseased pulp and reshaping the canal.
Once the pulp is removed, the root canal is cleaned and sealed for protection. A crown is then placed over the tooth to increase its strength.
What are the Symptoms of Pulp Tissue Damage?
- Individuals may experience symptoms differently, but these are the most common symptoms of an injured or damaged pulp:
- Pain when biting down and chewing
- Oversensitivity of teeth with hot or cold food or beverages
- Facial swelling.
These symptoms can also be a sign of other oral health issues, so they may not always indicate that you require root canal treatment. It is recommended that you consult a dentist if you are experiencing pain or discomfort.
What is the Root Canal Procedure?
A root canal is usually a simple procedure with little or no discomfort. It involves one to three visits to a dentist.
Here is a step-by-step guide to how the procedure saves your tooth:
Your dentist makes an opening through the top of the tooth down to the pulp chamber.
The injured or dead pulp is taken out and the root canals are irrigated and medicated.
A temporary filling is placed in the opening at the top of the tooth in order to protect it between procedures. Alternatively, the tooth may be left open to drain for a couple of days.
The temporary filling gets removed and the pulp chamber and root canal(s) are cleaned then filled.
A crown is placed over the tooth. The endodontist performing the treatment will advise you to see your dentist to complete this last step.
Most patients report that having a root canal treatment today is as unremarkable as getting a filling.
What Are the Benefits of Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment is a simple and painless procedure that offers many benefits, including:
- Relief of pain and discomfort
- Prevention of spread of infection
- A healthy restored tooth that lasts a lifetime if properly cared for
- No interruption or changes to other teeth
- Normal biting and chewing sensation
- You get to keep your natural smile!
Are There Any Alternative Options to Root Canal Treatment?
The only alternative is to have the tooth extracted. Unfortunately, this can affect the surrounding teeth, often causing them to move and leaving you with a bad bite. Although having your tooth pulled out may cost less initially, the space left will require an implant or bridge to be fitted, which can ultimately be more expensive than root canal treatment.
Originally posted by: smile.com.au